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Kennedy Alphone Simmonds
(12 April 1936 - )
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Dr. The Right Excellent and The Right Honourable Kennedy Alphone Simmonds, KCMG, MB BS, DA, FAAC, PhD
First Prime Minister of St. Kitts and Nevis

Dr. the Right Excellent and Right Honourable Kennedy Alphone Simmonds is a Kittsian politician and former Prime Minister.

Early life and education

Born on 12 April 1936, to Ms. Bronte Clarke and the late Mr. Arthur Simmonds, Kennedy Simmonds attended private school and the Basseterre Boys School, St. Kitts. In 1945, he won a scholarship to the St. Kitts-Nevis Grammar School where he was a pupil from 1946 to 1954. That same year, he won the Leeward Islands Scholarship.

Sir Kennedy Simmonds pursued medicine at the University of the West Indies from 1955 to 1962. He did his internship in 1963 at the Kingston Public Hospital, Jamaica and his post graduate in 1966.

Career

Dr. Simmonds served from 1966 to 1968 as Registrar in Internal Medicine at the Princess Margaret Hospital, Bahamas and as Resident in Anesthesiology, Pittsburgh, USA from 1968 to 1969.

He was awarded the Fellowship of American College of Anesthesiologists (FACA) in 1970.

Earlier he had served as Senior Bench Chemist at Sugar Association Research Laboratory, St. Kitts in 1955, practiced medicine in St. Kitts and Anguilla from 1964 to 1966 and in St. Kitts from 1969 to 1980.

Sir Kennedy began his political career by becoming a Foundation Member of the Peoples Action Movement (PAM) in 1965, serving as First Vice President from 1965 to 1976. He contested the General Elections in the East Basseterre Constituency in 1966, 1971 and 1975 losing to the Labour Party candidates.

Appointed President of the Peoples Action Movement (PAM) in 1975, Dr. Simmonds contested and won the by-election in Central Basseterre called to fill the seat left vacant by the death of Premier Sir Robert L. Bradshaw.

He regained the Central Basseterre seat in successive elections in 1980, 1984, 1989 and 1993, but lost to Labour’s Hon. Dwyer Astaphan in 1995 and 2000.

Appointed Premier in 1980, Dr. Simmonds also held the portfolio of Minister of Home and External Affairs, Trade Development and Industry. Appointed Prime Minister on the attainment of Independence in 1983, Dr. Simmonds took on the portfolio of Minister of Home and External Affairs, Trade, Development and Industry. In 1984, he took on the portfolio of Minister of Finance. He was appointed a Privy Councillor in 1994. Dr. Simmonds resigned as Political Leader of People's Action Movement (PAM) in 2000 and retired from active politics that same year.

Sir Kennedy Simmonds laer served as Director of Medical Services in Anguilla, until his retirement.

Personal life

Sir Kennedy is married to Lady Mary Simmonds, formerly Matthew. He has five children – Pauline, Michael, Kennedy Alphonse, Kenrick and Keris.

Honours and Awards

On the 16 September 2004, the Rt. Hon Kennedy Simmonds was appointed a Knight Commander in the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael & Saint George (KCMG).

Dr. Hon Timothy Sylvester Harris, in his first Independence Anniversary Address to the Nation as Prime Minister, on 19 September 2015 officially announced that the Rt. Hon Dr. Sir Kennedy A Simmondswould be elevated to the status of National Hero. He He was awarded for his unmatched and sterling contribution to nation-building at an investiture ceremony held by His Excellency the Governor-General Sir S.W. Tapley Seaton at Government House on Tuesday, 28 June 2016. He is the first living national hero of St. Kitts and Nevis.

Simmonds has also received a number of other accolades:

  • Leeward Island Scholar 1954
  • Graduated With Degree in Medicine UCWI - 1962
  • Fellowship of the American College of Anesthesiologists - 1970
  • First UWI Graduate Elected To Head A Caribbean Country - 1980
  • Honoured "Super Lion" - Chancellor Hall, University of The West Indies
  • Republic Of Columbia - Presented Key TH The City - 1981
  • First Prime Minister Of St. Kitts and Nevis - 1983
  • Appointed To Her Majesty's Privy Council - 1984
  • Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy, University of South Florida - 1989
  • Order of The Liberator, Venezuela's Highest Civilian Honour - 1991
  • Lions International Presidents Award - 1992
  • Eastern Caribbean Central Bank 10th Anniversary Award - 1993

Resources

PHOTO GALLERY
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Kennedy Simmonds 1981
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Kennedy Simmonds 1986
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Kennedy Simmonds 1989
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Kennedy Simmonds
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Kennedy Simmonds at the United Nations
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Kennedy Simmonds addressing Queen Elizabeth II
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Kennedy Simmonds with Prince Phillip
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Kennedy Simmonds during Independence celebration 1983.
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Kennedy Simmonds with President Reagan of the United States at the White House
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Kennedy Simmonds with President Bill Clinton the United States at the OAS Summit.
 
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Sir Kennedy Simmonds entering Parliament for the first time as Prime Minister of St. Kitts & Nevis
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Sir Kennedy Simmonds being knighted by Queen Elizabeth II
VIDEO GALLERY
Historic Speech by Dr. Sir Kennedy A. Simmonds as CARICOM welcomes Nelson Madela to Jamaica, 1991
Rt Hon. Dr Sir Kennedy Simmonds 5 Minute Video Tribute, 2014
Sources
http://www.sknvibes.com/politics/sitepage.cfm?p=138
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kennedy_Simmonds
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Kennedy Simmonds
QUICK FACTS
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Occupation Doctor, Politician
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Date of Birth 12 April 1936
Place of Birth Basseterre, St. Kitts
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Notable Accomplishments
Premier of St. Kitts and Nevis: 21 Fenruary 1980 - 19 September 1983
Prime Minister of St. Kitts and Nevis: 19 Septmeber 1983 - 7 July 1995
National Hero of St. Kitts and Nevis: 28 June 2016
RELATED RESOURCES
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St. Kitts and Nevis
Heads of Government of St. Kitts and Nevis
National Heroes of St. Kitts and Nevis
POLITICAL AFFILIATION
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People's Action Movement (PAM)
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