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D. Orlando Smith
(28 August 1944 - )
Dr Daniel Orlando Smith, OBE
Former Premier of the British Virgin Islands

Daniel Orlando Smith is the current Premier of the British Virgin Islands. He also formerly served as Chief Minister of the British Virgin Islands (as the role was formerly known before the 2007 constitution was adopted) from 2003 to 2007. He first won the office when his National Democratic Party won the 2003 general election, being the party's first victory at a general election in its history.

Early life and education

Dr Orlando Smith, OBE originally qualified as a physician, specialising in obstetrics, and was the Territory's chief medical officer for many years both before and after entering politics.


He entered politics at a relatively late stage of his career, being first elected to the Legislative Council of the British Virgin Islands (now called the House of Assembly) in the 1999 general election, as the head of the newly formed National Democratic Party (NDP). In 2003 Dr Smith led the NDP to victory, defeating the ruling Virgin Islands Party for the first time since 1971 in the 2003 general election.

However, in the 2007 general election Dr Smith and his party suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of the Virgin Islands Party, retaining only two seats (one of whose was Dr Smith's) out of 13 elected seats. Dr Smith barely retained his seat as the at-large candidate receiving the fourth largest number of votes. Dr Smith remained in the legislature as the head of the opposition.

In the 2011 general election Dr Smith and the National Democratic Party rebounded, and won an overall majority. Accordingly, he was invited by the Governor to form a new government.

During his political career Dr Smith has stood in each election as an "at large" candidate, and so is not affiliated with any individual political district. In each election that he had stood in other than the 2007 election, he had garnered more votes than any other at large candidate (under the current political system in the British Virgin Islands, the four at large candidates with the highest number of votes are elected to the Legislative Council together the representatives of each of the political districts; each voter casts up to five votes - one for the representative of their district, and up to four for the at large candidates). He also retains the distinction being the only person to have been elected as a territorial at-large candidate in each of the four elections where at-large candidates have been elected.

Smith did not seek re-election in the 25 February 2019 General Election.

1999 At-large NDP 12.93 Winner
2003 At-large NDP 14.72 Winner
2007 At-large NDP 12.29 Winner
2011 At-large NDP 14.70 Winner


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Orlando Smith
Occupation Politician
Date of Birth 28 August 1944
Place of Birth Tortola, British Virgin Islands
Notable Accomplishments
Premier of the British Virgin Islands: 17 June 2003 – 23 August 2007; 9 November 2011 - 26 February 2019
British Virgin Islands
Heads of Government of the British Virgin Islands
Cabinet of the British Virgin Islands
National Democratic Party (NDP)

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