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General Election Results - 21 February 1994

General elections were held on Monday, 21 February 1994 for all the Representatives in the House of Assembly on the normal expiry of their term of office.

The unicameral Parliament of St. Vincent, the House of Assembly, comprises 15 elected Representatives and six Senators appointed by the Governor-General – four on the advice of the Prime Minister and two on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition.  The normal duration of the legislature is five years.

The 1994 election date was set one month before the polling, on 21 January.  Opposing the ruling New Democratic Party (NDP) of Prime Minister James Mitchell was an alliance formed by the St. Vincent Labour Party (SVLP) and the Movement for National Unity (MNU), headed by Vincent Beache.  These two groups had demanded the Government’s resignation in July 1991. 

The electoral campaign was marred by violence, which caused one fatality.  Mitchell stood on the centrist NDP’s platform of supporting political unity of the Caribbean (and especially the Windward Islands) and free enterprise, also promising to seek the assistance of the European Union in order to restructure the country’s banana (the principal cash crop) industry.  The opposition alliance matched the ruling party by fielding 15 candidates – nine by the moderate socialist SVLP and six by the moderate leftist MNU.

The NDP’s parliamentary majority was reduced on polling day as its total fell from 15 seats to 12.  Opposition members returned included Beache and MNU leader Ralph Gonsalves but not SVLP leader Stanley John.  Voter turnout was 65.6%.

Prime Minister Mitchell embarked on his third five-year term at the head of an 11-member Cabinet.

Beache was confirmed as the official Leader of the Opposition, and in September 1994, the MNU and SVLP announced their formal merger as the Unity Labour Party (ULP).

ELECTION SNAPSHOT
Expand Map
Total Valid Votes 46,934
Invalid Votes 278
Total Votes Cast 47,212
Population 111,000
Voting Age Population 64,491
Registered Voters 71,954
Voter Turnout 65.61%
CRITICAL DATES
Dissolution of Fourth Parliament Fri, 21 Jan 1994
Nomination Day -
Polling Day Mon, 21 Feb 1994
First Meeting of Fifth Parliament -
POLITICAL LEADERS
  Photo James MITCHELLWinner
New Democratic Party (NDP)
  Photo Vincent BEACHE
St. Vincent Labour Party (SVLP)
  Photo Ralph GONSALVES
Movement of Naitonal Unity (MNU)
RELATED RESOURCES
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Constitution (1979, Revised 1990) Download report
Representation of the People Act (1982, revised 2009) Download report
SUMMARY RESULTS
  Party Code  Votes Number of Candidates Seats
Total % votes Change Number Change
  New Democratic Party NDP 25,789 54.95% -11.3% 15 12 -3
  Saint Vincent Labour Party SVLP 12,455 26.54% -3.8% 9 2 +2
  Movement for National Unity MNU 8,178 17.42% +15.1% 6 1 +1
  Others OTHER 512 1.09% +1.1% 3 0 -
  Total Valid Votes Total 46,934 100% - 33 15 -
SUMMARY BY CONSTITUENCY AND PARTY
North Windward NW 4,300 1,841 - 1,417 - 3,258 19 3,277 76.21%
North Central Windward NC 5,357 1,190 - 2,702 - 3,892 29 3,921 73.19%
South Central Windward SC 5,290 2,262 1,423 - - 3,685 23 3,708 70.09%
South Windward SW 4,985 1,032 1,851 - 472 3,355 6 3,361 67.42%
Marriaqua MQ 5,547 1,975 1,798 - 18 3,791 5 3,796 68.43%
East St. George EG 5,657 1,900 1,720 - - 3,620 26 3,646 64.45%
West St. George WG 5,624 1,751 - 1,634 22 3,407 28 3,435 61.08%
East Kingstown EK 4,883 1,697 - 1,094 - 2,791 14 2,805 57.44%
Central Kingstown CK 4,804 1,637 956 - - 2,593 24 2,617 54.48%
West Kingstown WK 5,239 1,851 - 1,171 - 3,022 34 3,056 58.33%
South Leeward SL 5,504 2,249 1,413 - - 3,662 21 3,683 66.91%
Central Leeward CL 4,747 1,694 1,786 - - 3,480 16 3,496 73.65%
North Leeward NL 4,844 1,943 1,339 - - 3,282 10 3,292 67.96%
Northern Grenadines NG 3,238 1,715 169 - - 1,884 16 1,900 58.68%
Southern Grenadines SG 1,935 1,052 - 160 - 1,212 7 1,219 63.00%
Total   71,954 25,789 12,455 8,178 512 46,934 278 47,212 65.61%
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Key
DRP= Democratic Republican Party; NDP = New Democratic Party; SVGP = St. Vincent and the Grenadines Green Party; ULP = Unity Labour Party; IND = Independent; * Incumbent; ** Political Leader
Sources
The Electoral Office of St. Vincent and the Grenadines
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